- The doctrine of Christ's single will (thelema) proposed by Pope Honorius I (625-638) as an alternative to Monoenergism (q.v.). Patriarch Sergios of Constantinople (qq.v.) supported it, as did Herakleios (q.v.), who enshrined it in an imperial edict, the Ekthesis (q.v.). Behind this doctrinal compromise was an effort to unite Monophysites (q.v.), particularly in eastern provinces newly conquered from the Persians (q.v.), and adherents of the Council of Chalcedon (q.v.). The compromise formula failed to do this, and, in any case, by the time the Ekthesis was issued in 838, the Monophysite provinces were mostly wrested from Byzantium (q.v.), for the Arabs (q.v.) had conquered Syria and Palestine (qq.v.) and were poised to conquer Egypt (q.v.). In an effort to mollify Christians in North Africa (q.v.), Constans II (q.v.) issued an edict (Typos) in 648 that ordered the Ekthesis removed from Hagia Sophia (q.v.) and forbade any discussion of divine wills and divine energies. Pope Martin I (q.v.) condemned both the Ekthesis and the Typos, and was himself removed by Constans II. Monotheletism and Monoenergism were subsequently condemned at the Sixth Ecumenical Council at Constantinople (q.v.) in 680-681. The council affirmed that just as Christ had two natures, Christ also had two wills and two energies.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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monotheletism — noun see monothelitism * * * Monotheletism /mo nō thelˈi ti zm/ noun The doctrine that Christ had only one will, opp to Ditheletism (also Monothelism /mon othˈəl izm/ or Monothelˈitism) ORIGIN: Gr monos single, alone, and thelētēs a willer, from… … Useful english dictionary
monotheletism — belief that Christ had only one will Ecclesiastical Terms Philosophical Isms … Phrontistery dictionary
monotheletism — mo·noth·e·let·ism … English syllables
Monothelitism — Part of a series on the History of Christian Theology … Wikipedia
Maximos the Confessor — Theologian who led the struggle against Monotheletism (q.v.), whose works had a great influence on Byzantine mystics, and on western theologians. His opposition to Monotheletism took the form of organizing church synods in North Africa (q.v.)… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Monoenergism — The doctrine of Christ s single energy (energeia), i.e., active force, proposed by Patriarch Sergios of Constantinople (qq.v.) as an attempt to reconcile the Monophysites (q.v.) of the eastern provinces (newly conquered from the Persians by… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Heraclius — Infobox Monarch name =Heraclius title =Emperor of the Byzantine Empire caption =Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine reign =October 5, 610 – February 11, 641 coronation =October 5, 610 full name =Flavius Heraclius Augustus predecessor =Phocas… … Wikipedia
Monoenergism — Not to be confused with Monergism. Monoenergism is a Christian heresy related to Monophysitism. In the 7th century, the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius attempted to solve the schism between Chalcedonians and Monophysites, and suggested the compromise … Wikipedia
George of Resh'aina — was a 7th century Syriac historian. He was inimical to Maximus the Confessor, the defender of orthodoxy against monotheletism and wrote a biography inimical to Maximus. This book also provides a glimpse into the events of his time.:After Maximus… … Wikipedia
Ecthesis — The Ecthesis is a letter published in 638 CE by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius which defined monotheletism as the official imperial form of Christianity. It rejected the formula which opponents Sophronius and Maximus the Confessor had published… … Wikipedia